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Specialties » Electronic Fetal Monitoring (EFM)

Electronic Fetal Monitoring » EFM (Code 11)


Electronic Monitoring Equipment:
  • Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring (Internal & External)
  • Uterine Monitoring (External & IUPC)
  • Equipment Failure and Troubleshooting (Artifact Detection, Signal Ambiguity, etc)
  • Uteroplacental
  • Fetal Oxygenation
Pattern Recognition and Interpretation:
  • Fetal Baseline Heart Rate
  • Fetal Heart Rate Variability
  • Abnormal Uterine Activity
  • Fetal Dysrhythmias
  • Pattern Recognition based on Maternal and/or Obstetrical Complications (i.e. infection)
  • Uteroplacental Complications (Previa, Abruption)
  • Fetal Complications
  • Fetal Heart Rate Acceleration
  • Fetal Heart Rate Decelerations
  • Normal Uterine Activity
Fetal Assessment Methods:
  • Auscultation
  • Fetal Movement and Stimulation
  • Nonstress Testing
  • Cord Blood Acid Base Testing
  • Biophysical profile
  • Fetal Acoustic Stimulation
Professional Issues Related to Fetal Monitoring:
  • Legal
  • Ethics
  • Patient Safety
  • Quality Improvement


Acid Base and Cord Blood Gases
Artifact Detection
Baseline Heart Rate
Biophysical Profile
Congenital Heart Block
Contraction Patterns (abnormal)
Contraction Stress Testing
Contractions (frequency, duration & intensity)
Cord Compression
Decelerations (all types)
Decreased Blood Flow
Documentation and charting
Dysrhythmias and other variant patterns
Ectopic Beats
Electronic Fetal Monitoring
Equipment Failure/Troubleshooting
Factors Affecting Fetal Oxygenation
Fetal Acid Base Testing
Fetal Acoustic Stimulation
Fetal assessment
Fetal Circulation
Fetal Demise
Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring
Fetal heart rate pattern interpretation
Fetal Heart Rate Regulation
Fetal Hypoxemia
Fetal Injury
Maternal Factors that Impact Fetal Cardiac Activity
Multiple Gestations
NICHD categories
NICHD terminology
Nonstress Testing
Pattern Recognition based on Maternal and/or Obstetrical Complications
Preterm Labor
Response to Hyperstimulation/Hypertonus
Resting Tone
Scar Dehiscence
Signal Ambiguity
Supraventricular Tachycardia
Umbilical Blood Flow
Uterine Activity
Uterine Activity assessment
Uterine contraction resting tone
Uterine Rupture
Uteroplacental circulation
Uteroplacental physiology
Variability (identification & causes)